If you are a geography teacher or student and want to get into the world of GIS and satellite imagery, this article is for you. In it, we’ll go through what you need to know about the fundamentals of GIS and how your students can learn more about space and Earth Observation satellites.
A lot of information is covered in a geography training accross the world, and while the basics of the discipline are of great importance, it is always a good idea to expand the knowledge you or your students have by exploring new things to learn, especially in the era of innovations and technological development.
Below you will find a suggested curriculum structure that covers topics from both the world of GIS and Earth Оbservation .
Introduction to Geospatial Technologies
Digital Cartography, GIS, and Earth Оbservation
This first part could provide an overview of GIS and Earth Observation, explaining what they are and how they are used in geography and other fields. It could also introduce all the free and open source tools that will be used, for example:
- Google Earth (web)
- Google MyMaps
The content could be structured as follows:
Definition of GIS
A brief explanation of what GIS is and how it is used to analyze and visualize spatial data.
GIS stands for Geographic Information System. It is a system of software, hardware, and data that is used to analyze and visualize spatial data.
Definition of Earth Observation (EO)
A brief explanation of what EO is and how it is used to collect data about the Earth from satellite imagery and other remote sensing techniques.
Overview of open source tools
An overview of the open source tools that will be used in the course, including QGIS and any other relevant software.
Introduction to spatial data
A brief explanation of the different types of spatial data, including vector and raster data, and how they are used in GIS and EO.
Spatial data is data that has a geographic component, meaning it is related to a specific location on the Earth’s surface. This can include things like maps, satellite imagery, and geospatial datasets that contain information about features on the Earth’s surface, such as roads, buildings, rivers, and land cover.
Overview of geospatial applications
A brief overview of the various fields and applications in which GIS and earth observation are used, such as environmental monitoring, disaster management, and urban planning.
Introduction to QGIS (practice)
A brief introduction to QGIS, including how to download and install the software and how to navigate the user interface.
Basic GIS concepts and techniques
GIS allows users to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, and present spatial data. It can be used to create maps and visualizations, perform spatial analysis and modeling, and solve problems related to geography and the environment.
GIS is used in a wide range of fields and applications, including environmental science, urban planning, public health, transportation, and disaster management. It is an important tool for understanding and solving complex problems that have a spatial component.
This part could cover fundamental GIS concepts and techniques, such as map projections, coordinate systems, and spatial data types. It could also introduce the basics of QGIS, including how to create and edit vector and raster data.
Working with spatial data
This part could cover how to import and export spatial data in various formats, as well as how to manipulate and analyze spatial data using QGIS. It could also introduce concepts such as spatial queries and spatial statistics.
Visualizing spatial data
This part could cover how to create maps and other visualizations using QGIS, including how to customize map layouts and use symbology to represent spatial data. It has to be focused on the basic cartographic theories and principles.
The logic behind this structure follows the contemporary workflows that geospatial data specialists and map makers follow:
1) Find data
2) Clean, edit, prepare for visualizing
3) Make maps, diagrams or other data visualization artworks
At the end, you could summarize the key concepts and techniques covered in the course structure and provide suggestions for further reading and resources for those interested in pursuing GIS and EO further.